2014年职称英语考试《综合类B级》模拟题一

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第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面每个句子中均有1个词或者短语有下划线,请为每处下划线部分确定l个意义最为接近的选项。

1、Computers will flourish because they enable us to accomplish tasks that could never before have been undertaken.
A.implement
B.render
C.assign
D.complete

2、If you continue to indulge in computer games like this, your future will be at stake.
A.in danger
B.without question
C.on guard
D.at large

3、The price of vegetables fluctuates according to the weather.
A.jumps
B.rises
C.falls
D.changes

4、Did you do that to irritate her?
A.tease
B.attract
C.annoy
D.protect

5、Mary looked pale and weary. What's wrong with her?
A.ill
B.tired
C.worried
D.peaceful

6、The water in this part of the river has been contaminated by sewage. (污水).
A.polluted
B.downgraded
C.mixed
D.blackened

7、Her treatment of the subject is exhaustive.
A.very boring
B.very thorough
C.very interesting
D.very touching

8、Up to now, the work has been easy.
A.So
B.So long
C.So that
D.So far

9、The report advocated setting up training colleges.
A.supposed
B.excited
C.suggested
D.discussed

10、Accordingly, a number of other methods have been employe D.
A.Therefore
B.Afterwards
C.However
D.Furthermore

11、The union   representative put across her argument very effectively.
A.explained
B.invented
C.considered
D.accepted

12、He talks tough but has a tender heart.
A.heavy
B.strong
C.kind
D.wild

13、A notably short man, he plays basketball with his staff several times a week.
A.practically
B.considerably
C.remarkably
D.completely

14、Our statistics show that we consume all that we are capable of producing.
A.waste
B.buy
C.use
D.sell

15、It's prudent to start any exercise program gradually at first.
A.workable
B.sensible
C.possible
D.feasible
第2部分:阅读判断(第16—22题,每题1分,共7分) 。
下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断;如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

16、根据材料,回答16-23问题。
A New Start
       After Christmas comes the anti-Christmas. If the festive season is all about filing up on the things you like that are bad for you, then the new year is the "detox season" -- when people across the westem world adopt special diets to lose weight and get rid of the vague feeling that they have spent the last few weeks poisoning themselves.
       But are detox diets really necessary? After all, the body itself gets rid of unwanted substances. That's what the liver and kidney are for.
       "The detox fad -- or fads, as there are many methods -- is an example of the capacity of people to believe in and pay for magic despite the lack of any sound evidence. " says Martin Wiseman, professor of human nutrition at the University of Southampton in the UK.
       Most of the pills, juices, teas and oils that are sold for their detoxifying effects on the body have no scientific foundation for their claims, according to the research. People would be better off having a glass of water and going to bed early.
       Detox diets may be magic rather science, but they are the kind of magic which many people want to perform. That may have something to do with the western diet in general.
       Scientists and dieticians argue that the benefits people feel are not due to their body getting rid of excessive toxins but are due to changing from what is likely to have been a "poor" diet.
       Having fewer headaches, for example, is probably the result of being fully hydrated due to drinking so much water and better skin may be due to eating more fruit and vegetables.
       Detox diets may also be dangerous, as they may deprive vulnerable groups -- pregnant women, for instance, or growing teenagers —of the kind of nutrients they need.
       Yet their popularity continues to rise. This may be something to do with the way that food works within many western cultures. Generally, a country's food develops along with its economy and society. Food becomes part of a person's cultural identity.
       In some countries, this link has been broken. In the UK, for example, rapid industrialization in the 18th and 19th centuries saw millions of people move from the countryside to the towns interrupting the development of a national cuisine. The United States, a country of immigrants from many different places, has found it hard to develop a national cuisine. In both places, comparatively few people cook for themselves and food supply is dominated by big processing and agribusiness companies.
       Detox diets are more popular in these countries than in places like France and Italy, where strong links between food and national culture remain, and where far more people regularly cook for themselves instead of buying processed foods.
       Perhaps detox diets are successful because many westerners have lost trust in what they eat.On the other hand, they may help re-introduce people to the kind of food that is necessary for a healthy diet. And after learning that, they won't poison themselves in the first place.
       This would mean radical changes in the way that people eat across the west. And that would be an unwelcome development for the food industry. From the business point of view, it is much better to: sell people the problem and then sell them the solution.

Detox begins after Christmas when people think that they have been overeating during the Christmas season and have taken in many substances that are bad for their health.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

17、Many pregnant women and growing teenagers are suffering from mal-nutrition because of the detox diets they take.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

18、Both the UK and the USA lack a national cuisine as a result of similar historical development.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

19、The French and the Italians cook for themselves more often than the British and the Americans, which helps them to keep the link between food and their culture.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

20、On the whole the eastern people like the Chinese and the Japanese have a stronger link between their food and their culture than the western people.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

21、A positive effect of detox diets is that it helps people to see what foods are good for their health.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

22、Food industry would make even greater profits if people should all start to eat healthy foods and stop poisoning themselves.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned[page]
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23—26题要求从所给的6个选项中为指定段落每段选择1个小标题;(2)第27—30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定 一个最佳选项。

23、根据材料,回答23-31问题。
Is There a Way to Keep the Britain's Economy Growing
       1. In today's knowledge economy, nations survive on the things they do best. Japanese design electronics while Germans export engineering techniques. The French serve the best food and Americans make computers.
       2. Britain specializes in the gift of talking. The nation doesn't manufacture much of anything.But it has lawyers, stylists and business consultants who earn their living from talk, talk and more talk. The World Foundation think tank' says the UK's four iconic jobs today are not scientists, engineers, teachers and nurses. Instead, they're hairdressers, celebrities,management consultants and managers. But can all this talking keep the British economy going? The British government thinks it can.
       3. Although the country's trade deficit was more than 60 billion in 2006, UK's largest in the postwar period, officials say the country has nothing to worry about. In fact, Britain does have a world-class pharmaceutical industry, and it still makes a small sum from selling arms abroad. It also trades services-accountancy, insurance, banking and advertising. The government believes Britain is on the cutting edge of the knowledge economy. After all, the
country of Shakespeare and Wordsworth has a literary tradition of which to be proud. Rock "n" roll is an English language medium, and there are billions to be made by their cutting-edge bands. In other words, the creative economy has plenty of strength to carry the British economy.
       4.However, creative industries account for only about 4 percent of UK's exports of goods and services. The industries are finding it hard to make a profit, according to a report of the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts. The report shows only 38 percent of British companies were engaged in "innovation activities", 3 percentage points below the EU average and well below Germany (61 percent) and Sweden (47 percent).
       5.In fact, it might be better to call Britain a "servant" economy -- there are at least 4 million people "in service". The majority of the population are employed by the rich to cook,clean, and take care of their children. Many graduates are even doing menial jobs for which they do not need a degree. Most employment growth has been, and will continue to be, at the low-skill end of the service sector in shops, bars, hotels,, domestic service and innursing and care homes.

Paragraph 2_______
A.Growth of Economy
B.“Servant’’Economy
C.Strength Of the Creative Economy
D.Weakness Of the Creative Economy
E.Gift of Talking
F.Export of Talking Machines

24、Paragraph 3______
A.G rowth of Economy
B.“Servant’’Economy
C.Strength Of the Creative Economy
D.Weakness Of the Creative Economy
E.Gift of Talking
F.Export of Talking Machines

25、Paragraph 4______
A.G rowth of Economy
B.“Servant’’Economy
C.Strength Of the Creative Economy
D.Weakness Of the Creative Economy
E.Gift of Talking
F.Export of Talking Machines

26、Paragraph 5______
A.G rowth of Economy
B.“Servant’’Economy
C.Strength Of the Creative Economy
D.Weakness Of the Creative Economy
E.Gift of Talking
F.Export of Talking Machines

27、Every country has its own way______
A.to find iobs
B.to do lOW—skilI iobs
C.to feed its people
D.to handle disputes
E.to make a profit
F.to worry about the British economy

28、The British government doesn't seem_____
A.to find iobs
B.to do lOW—skilI iobs
C.to feed its people
D.to handle disputes
E.to make a profit
F.to worry about the British economy

29、The creative industries find it difficult______
A.to find iobs
B.to do lOW—skilI iobs
C.to feed its people
D.to handle disputes
E.to make a profit
F.to worry about the British economy

30、Many graduates are employed______
A.to find iobs
B.to do lOW—skilI iobs
C.to feed its people
D.to handle disputes
E.to make a profit
F.to worry about the British economy[page]
第4部分:阅读理解(第31—45题,每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定l个最佳选项。

31、根据材料,回答31-36问题。
Goal of American Education
      Differences in American schools compared with those found in the majority of other countries lie in the fact that education here has long been intended for everyone -- not just for aprivileged elite. Schools are expected to meet the needs of every child, regardless of ability, andalso the needs of society itself. This means that public schools offer more than academic subjects. It surprises many people when they come here to find high schools offering such courses as typing, sewing, radio repair, computer programming or driver training, along with traditional academic subjects such as mathematics, history, and languages. Students choose their curricula depending on their interests, future goals, and level of ability. The underlying goal of American education is to develop every child to the utmost of his or her own possibilities, and to give each one a sense of civic and community consciousness.
      Schools have traditionally played an important role in creating national unity and"Americanizing" the millions of immigrants who have poured into this country from many different backgrounds and origins. Schools still play a large role in the community, especially in the small towns.
     The approach to teaching may seem unfamiliar to many, not only because it is informal,but also because there is not much emphasis on learning facts. Instead, Americans try to teach their children to think for themselves and to develop their own intellectual and creative abilities.
      Students spend much time, learning how to use resource material, statistics and computers.
      Americans believe that if children are taught to reason well and to research well, they will be able to find whatever facts they need throughout the rest of their lives. Knowing how to solve problems is considered more important than the accumulation of facts.
      This is America's answer to the searching question that thoughtful parents all over the world are asking themselves in the fast-moving time: "How can one prepare today's child for a tomorrow that one can neither predict nor understano.

Which of the following best states the goal of American education?__________.
A.To teach every learner some practical skills.
B.To provide every learner with rich knowledge.
C.To give every student the opportunity to fully develop his / her ability.
D.To train every student to be a responsible citizen.

32、It is implied in the passage that__________.
A.all high-school students take the same courses.
B.every high-school student must take some practical ability training courses.
C.every public school offers the same academic subjects.
D.the subjects every student takes may vary.

33、American schools place great emphasis on the learner's__________.
A.enrichment of knowledge.
B.accumulation of facts.
C.acquisition of the ability to be creative.
D.acquisition of the ability to work with his hands.

34、According to the passage, American education meets the needs of all the following EXCEPT__________.
A.the brightest students.
B.the slow students.
C.the students from foreign countries.
D.the immigrants.

35、Which of the following best states the feature of American education that makes it different from education in other countries?__________.
A.The large number of its schools.
B.The variety of the courses offered in its schools.
C.Its special consideration given to immigrants.
D.Its underlying goal to develop every child's abilities to the fullest extent.
36、根据材料,回答36-41问题。
The Family
      The structure of a family takes different forms around the world and even in the same society. The family's form changes as it adapts to changing social and economic influences. The most common form in North America was the nuclear family, consisting of a married couple with their minor children. The nuclear family is an independent unit. It must be prepared to fend tor itself. Individual family members strongly depend on one another. There is little help from outside the family in emergencies. Elderly relatives of a nuclear family are cared for only if it is they live in retirement communities and nursing homes. They live in retirement communities and nursing homes.
      There are many parallels between the nuclear family in industrial societies, such as North America, and of families in societies such as that of the Inuits, who live in harsh environments.
      The nuclear family structure is well adapted to a life of mobility. The harsh conditions, mobility allows the family to hunt for food. For North Americans, the hunt for jobs and improved social status also requires mobility.
      The nuclear family was not always the North American standard. In a more agrarian time,the small nuclear family was usually part of a larger extended family. This might have included grandparents, mother and father, brothers and sisters, uncles, aunts, and cousins. In North
      America today, there is a dramatic rise in the number of single-parent households. Twice as many, households in the United States are headed by divorced, separated, or never-married individuals as are comprised of nuclear families. The structure of the family, not just in North
America, but throughout the world, continues to change as it adapts to changing conditions.

Another good title for this passage would be__________.
A.What Makes a Family?
B.Life of Inuits.
C.Living with Hardship.
D.The Failure of the Nuclear Family.

37、A nuclear family is defined as__________.
A.a married couple with their minor children.
B.a single father with minor children.
C.parents, grandparents, and children.
D.parents, children, and aunts and uncles.

38、The information in this passage would most likely be found in__________.
A.an anthropology textbook.
B.a biology textbook.
C.a mathematics textbook.
D.geography textbook.

39、The information in the first paragraph is presented mainly through__________.
A.listing statistics.
B.telling a story.
C.pointing out similarities.
D.pointing out differences.

40、The word mobility means__________.
A.money.
B.readiness to move.
C.organization.
D.skill.
41、根据材料,回答41-46问题。
Some Things We Know about Language
      Many things about language are a mystery, and many will always remain so. But some things we do know.
      First, we know that all human beings have a language of some sort. There is no race of men anywhere on earth so backward that it has no language, no set of speech sounds by which the people communicate with one another. Furthermore, in historical times, there has never been a race of men without a language.
      Second, there is no such thing as a primitive language. There are many people whose cultures are undeveloped, who are, as we say, uncivilized, but the languages they speak are not primitive. In all known languages we can see complexities that must have been tens or thousands of years in developing.
      This has not always been well understood; indeed, the direct contrary has often been stated. Popular ideas of the language of the American Indians will illustrate. Many people have supposed that the Indians communicated in a very primitive system of noises. Study has proved this to be nonsense. There are, or were, hundreds of American Indian languages, and all of them turn out to be very complicated and very old. They are" certainly different from the languages that most of us are familiar with, but they are no more primitive than English and Greek.
      A third thing we know about language is that all languages are perfectly adequate. That is,each one is a perfect means of expressing the culture of the people who speak the language.
      Finally, we know that language changes. It is natural and normal for language to change;the only languages which do not change are the dead ones.   This is easy to understand if we look backward in time. Change goes on in all aspects of language. Grammatical features change as do speech sounds, and changes in vocabulary are sometimes very extensive and may occur very rapidly. Vocabulary is the least stable part of any languages.

In the second paragraph the author thinks that__________.
A.some backward race doesn't have a language of its own
B.some race in history didn't possess a language of its own
C.any human race, whether backward or not, has a language
D.some races on earth can communicate without language

42、According to the author, people of undeveloped cultures can have languages.__________.
A.complicated
B.uncivilized
C.primitive
D.well-known

43、The author has used American Indian languages as an example to show that they are__________.
A.just as old as some well-known languages
B.just as sophisticated as some well-known languages
C.more developed than some well-known languages
D.more complex than some well-known languages

44、Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
A.A language is a means of expressing a particular culture.
B.All languages can well express their respective cultures.
C.American Indian languages are as sophisticated as English.
D.Some languages are better than other languages.

45、According to the author, language changes are most likely to occur in__________.
A.grammar.
B.pronunciation.
C.vocabulary.
D.intonation.[page]
第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容讲其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章面貌。

46、根据材料,回答46-51问题。
Reinventing the Table
       An earth scientist has rejigged the periodic table to make chemistry simpler to teach to students. (46) But Bruce Railsback from the University of Georgia says he is the first to create a table that breaks with tradition and shows the ions of each element rather than just the elements themselves.
       "I got tired of breaking my arms trying to explain the periodic table to earth students," he says, criss-crossing his hands in the air and pointing to different bits of a traditional table.(47)But he has added contour lines to charge density, helping to explain which ions react with which.
       "Geochemists just want an intuitive sense of what's going on with the elements," says Albert Galy from the University of Cambridge. (48)
       (49)He explains that sulphur, for example, shows up in three different spots one -- for sulphide, which is found in minerals, one for sulphite, and one for sulphate, which is found in sea slat, for instance.
       He has also included symbols to show which ions are nutrients, and which are common in soil or water. (50)

请在第__(46)__处填上正确答案。
A.There have been many attempts to redesign the periodic table since Dmitri Mendeleev drew it up in 1871.
B.Railsback has still ordered the elements according to the number of protons they have.
C."1 imagine this would be good for undergraduates. "
D.Railsback has listed some elements more than once.
E.And the size of element's symbol reflects how much of it is found in the Earth's crust.
F.The traditional periodic table was well drawn.

47、请在第__(47)__处填上正确答案。
A.There have been many attempts to redesign the periodic table since Dmitri Mendeleev drew it up in 1871.
B.Railsback has still ordered the elements according to the number of protons they have.
C."1 imagine this would be good for undergraduates. "
D.Railsback has listed some elements more than once.
E.And the size of element's symbol reflects how much of it is found in the Earth's crust.
F.The traditional periodic table was well drawn.

48、请在第__(48)__处填上正确答案。
A.There have been many attempts to redesign the periodic table since Dmitri Mendeleev drew it up in 1871.
B.Railsback has still ordered the elements according to the number of protons they have.
C."1 imagine this would be good for undergraduates. "
D.Railsback has listed some elements more than once.
E.And the size of element's symbol reflects how much of it is found in the Earth's crust.
F.The traditional periodic table was well drawn.

49、请在第__(49)__处填上正确答案。
A.There have been many attempts to redesign the periodic table since Dmitri Mendeleev drew it up in 1871.
B.Railsback has still ordered the elements according to the number of protons they have.
C."1imagine this would be good for undergraduates. "
D.Railsback has listed some elements more than once.
E.And the size of element's symbol reflects how much of it is found in the Earth's crust.
F.The traditional periodic table was well drawn.

50、请在第__(50)__处填上正确答案。
A.There have been many attempts to redesign the periodic table since Dmitri Mendeleev drew it up in 1871.
B.Railsback has still ordered the elements according to the number of protons they have.
C."1 imagine this would be good for undergraduates. "
D.Railsback has listed some elements more than once.
E.And the size of element's symbol reflects how much of it is found in the Earth's crust.
F.The traditional periodic table was well drawn.
第6部分:完形填空(第51~65 ,每题1分,共15分)
下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

51、根据材料,回答{TSE}问题。
A Health Profile
     A health profile is a portrait of all of the factors that influence your health. To draw your health profile, you will (51) what diseases run in your family, what health hazards you may be exposed to (52) work, how your daily (53) compares to the recommended standards, how much time per week you (54) exercising and what type of exercise you engage (55) , how stressful your work and family environments are, what kinds of illnesses you get regularly, and (56) or not you have any one of a number of addictions. (57) this portrait, you should have a checkup to.determine how your blood,heart, and lungs are functioning. This checkup will serve (58) a baseline, to which you can then compare later tests.
       (59) this profile is thoroughly drawn, you can begin to think about setting health priorities based (60) your particular portrait. For example, if you drink two martinis every evening, have a high-stress (61) , are overweight, smoke a pack of cigarettes a day, and use manjuana occasionally on weekends, you should quit smoking first, followed (62) losing the excess weight, reducing the stress of your job, giving up your marihuana habit, and then finally giving some (63) to those martinis if you want to prevent first cancer, and then heart disease. Even for the youthful working person who has never been sick a day in his life, who is (64) excellent health, a good look at all health habits and at work and home environments may suggest changes that will (65) him in the future.

请在第__(51)__处填上正确答案。
A.know
B.have known
C.need know
D.need to know

52、请在第__(52)__处填上正确答案。
A.with
B.in
C.on
D.at

53、请在第__(53)__处填上正确答案。
A.diet
B.meals
C.food
D.dinner

54、请在第__(54)__处填上正确答案。
A.use
B.devote
C.spend
D.take

55、请在第__(55)__处填上正确答案。
A.on
B.in
C.with
D.about

56、请在第__(56)__处填上正确答案。
A.if
B.whether
C.either
D.neither

57、请在第__(57)__处填上正确答案。
A.To complete
B.Completing
C.Completion
D.To be completed

58、请在第__(58)__处填上正确答案。
A.as
B.for
C.on
D.about

59、请在第__(59)__处填上正确答案。
A.Unless
B.Once
C.If
D.Although

60、请在第__(60)__处填上正确答案。
A.around
B.with
C.about
D.on

61、请在第__(61)__处填上正确答案。
A.work
B.task
C.job
D.place

62、请在第__(62)__处填上正确答案。
A.on
B.with
C.after
D.by

63、请在第__(63)__处填上正确答案。
A.thought
B.idea
C.thinking
D.talk

64、请在第__(64)__处填上正确答案。
A.for
B.in
C.with
D.on

65、请在第__(65)__处填上正确答案。
A.reap
B.harvest
C.benefit
D.lead

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