2013年自考英语(二)预测试题及答案(1)

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1.A year later,with the nation‘s economy ________, Bush’s approval rating dropped below 40 percent. 【 B】
A. in power
B. in trouble
C. in hand
D. in part
【答案解析】:in trouble:陷入困境。由于经济陷入困境,所以支持率下降了很多,符合句意。
2.There is the appreciation of the salient historical truth ________ the aging of advanced societies has been a sudden change. 【C】
A. which
B. what
C. that
D. how
【答案解析】:本句中that引导的也是同位语从句。
3.Robots differ from automatic machines ________ after completion of one specific task,they can be reprogrammed by a computer to do another one. 【B】
A. in case
B. in that
C. in which
D. in time
【答案解析】:in that意思是:在于,因为。解释differ from automatic machines的具体方面。
4.Basically,these attitudes amount to a belief ________ leisure can and should be put to good use. 【 B】
A. which
B. that
C. what
D. how
【答案解析】:空格前面是belief,后面是一个结构完整的句子,解释说明belief的具体内容。所以用that引导这个同位语从句。
5.The professor worked for 7 hours at a ________. 【 A】
A. stretch
B. extend
C. expand
D. prolong
【答案解析】:此题考查的是固定词组搭配。at a stretch一口气地。
6.If an earthquake occurred,some of the one-storey houses ________. 【D】
A. might be left stand
B. might leave to be standing
C. might be left to stand
D. might be left standing
【答案解析】:be left……:被置于……的境地。它是leave sth……的被动式。standing:站立的,固定的,直立的。be left加形容词是常用的一种表达方式。
7.________, he had no time to rest. 【 C】
A. As he was tired
B. If he was tired
C. Tired as he was
D. Now that he was tired
【答案解析】:译文:尽管他很累,他也没有时间休息。此题考查的是让步状语从句,从句中表语提前。
8.Since we have a focused subject, we should not talk ________. 【D】
A. at once
B. at hand
C. at intervals
D. at random
【答案解析】:译文:既然我们已经有了命题,我们就不应漫无边际地交谈。此题考查对固定短语的掌握情况。at once立刻;at hand在附近,在手头,即将发生;at intervals间或,不时;at random随便,任意。
9.Why do you blame him for his poor judgment on the matter ______ he really needs is encouragement? 【C】
A. when that
B. since that
C. when what
D. now that
【答案解析】:译文:当他真正需要鼓励时,你为什么责备他的拙劣判断。此题考查准确判断句子结构。when引导时间状语从句,what he really needs充当这个时间状语从句的主语。
10.The doctors are ________ about the guidelines under which they can carry out euthanasia. 【B】
A. at a stretch Www.KaO8.C
B. at a loss
C. at random
D. at length
【答案解析】:本题考查的是短语区分。A.不休息地,连续地;B.不知所措,茫然,不了解;C.任意的,随便的;D.最后,终于。句意:医生们不了解执行安乐死的准则。

11.With such a poor score in the entrance exam, it‘s ________ impossible for him to be admitted to this university. 【 B】
A. roughly
B. absolutely
C. fully
D. exclusively
【答案解析】:此题考查词汇。A.大约;B.绝对地;C.完全地;D.惟一的。句意:他入学考试分数很低,完全不可能被这所大学录取。
12.We promise that we‘ll meet again after we _______ our college education in three years’time. 【A】
A. finish
B. will finish
C. finished
D. will have finished A
【答案解析】:此题为主将从现,一般现在时用于从句表将来。译文:我们约定,大学三年毕业后我们将再次见面。
13.Although Tom is satisfied with his academic achievement, he wonders _______ will happen to his family life. 【 C】
A. it
B. that
C. what
D. this
【答案解析】:what引导宾语从句,并在从句中作主语。句意:尽管汤姆对自己的学术成就很满意,但是他想知道他的家庭生活将会如何?
14.Never before _______ so rapidly developing as it is today. 【 A】
A. has our country been
B. our country has been
C. has been our country
D. our country hasn‘t been
答案解析:此题考查倒装句。否定词位于句首,句子应该部分倒装。句意:我们国家从来没有像今天一样进步如此迅速。
15.Is it Shakespeare Theatre _______ you are going to watch the play The Merchant of Venice?【 A】
A. where
B. that
C. which
D. as
【答案解析】:where引导的定语从句修饰先行词Shakespeare Theatre.此处并非强调结构,将“Is it去掉后,可以看出,这个句子缺少介词,所以,如果在原句中Shakespeare Theatre的前面加上介词in或at,则成为强调句。
16.He would have given you more help, if he ________ so busy. 【B】
A. have not been
B. had not been
C. not have been
D. not had been
答案解析:本题考察与过去事实相反的虚拟语气。
17.After months of voyage, Columbus arrived in ______ later proved to be a new continent. 【C】
A. where
B. which
C. what
D. that
答案解析:注意,本句话并非定语从句,而是宾语从句。因为在介词in 后面,应该用what引导的宾语从句,what在宾语从句中作主语。
18.I was really anxious about you. You ______ home without a word. 【B】
A. mustn‘t leave
B. shouldn’t have left
C. couldn‘t have left
D. needn’t leave
答案解析:虚拟语气用法。句意:我(那时)真的很担心你。你本不应该不留个话就离开家。
19.He was ______ to withdraw from running for the presidency. 【C】
A. trusted
B. credited
C. convinced
D. believed
答案解析:句意:他被说服退出竞选总统。convince使相信;信服;说服。
20.While _____ the book, he nodded from time to time 【A】
A. reading
B. read
C. is reading
D. is read
答案解析:从句中动作的发出者和主句相同,用现在分词短语作时间状语。题意为:他一边看书,一边不时地点头。

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