2014年职称英语《卫生类》教材补全短文文章练习一

牛课网 考试宝典 更新时间:14-02-12

  Weight Worries May Start Early for Slim Women

  There is a range of reasons1 why thin women think they’re too heavy, but the distorted body image may often have its roots in childhood, the results of a new study suggest.
Researchers found that among more than 2,400 thin women they surveyed, nearly 10 percent thought they were too heavy. 1__________
According to the study authors, led by Dr. Susanne Kruger Kjaer of the Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, society’s "ideal" female body is moving toward an underweight physique. 2__________
To investigate body image among thin women, the researchers gave questionnaires to 2,443 women ages 27 to 38 whose body mass index2 was at the low end of normal3. 3__________
Overall, almost 10 percent of the women thought they were too heavy. Those who reported certain "severe life events" in childhood or adolescence, such as having a parent become ill or having their educational hopes dashed, were more likely than others to have a distorted body image. 4
__________

  In contrast, traumatic events in adulthood, such as serious illness or significant marital problems, were not related to poor body image, the researchers report. 5
__________

  词汇:
  distort /d?'st??t/ vt.扭曲,歪曲
Danish /'deini?/ adj.丹麦的
underweight /?nd?'we?t/ adj.重量不足的
physique /f?'zi?k/ n.体形
questionnaire /,kwest??'ne?; ,kestj?-/ n.调查表
dash /d??/ vt.使(希望、计划等)破灭,挫败
traumatic /tr??'m?t?k; tra?-/ adj.使人不快的,令人痛苦而难忘的
adulthood /'?d?lth?d/ n.成年
marital /'m?r?t(?)l/ adj.婚姻的;夫妇间的
  注释:
  1.a range of reasons :一系列原因
2.body mass index:体质指数
3.at the low end of normal:正常值的下限
4.The same was true of...:……也同样如此
  练习:
  A. The same was true of4 women who started having sex or drinking alcohol when they were younger than 15 years old.
B. Experiences in childhood, including having an ill parent, or starting to drink or have sex at a particularly young age, were among the risk factors for having a distorted body image.
C. "Our results indicate that the risk of being dissatisfied with (one’s) own body weight may be established early in life," Kjaer and her colleagues write.
D. Research suggests that many normal-weight women wish to weigh less.
E. If worries have altered your appetite or weight, it will help to talk to someone about it.
F. The women were asked about factors ranging from childhood experiences to current exercise habits.
  答案与题解:
  1.B文章第一段已经提到,使身体瘦削的女性自认为身体肥胖的原因有很多,但一项新的研究表明,对身体形象所存有的不正确的态度有可能与儿时的经历有关。文章的第二段是对第一段内容的进一步展开与细化。
2D本空的前一句讲到,体重不达标逐渐被普遍视为“理想的”女性身材。因此,“研究者指出,许多体重正常的女性希望体重再轻些”作为接下来的一句是十分合适的。
3.F本空之前的一句提到,调查是以问卷形式进行的。因此,接下来的一句应涉及问卷的内容。
4.A文章的第二段已经提到,对身体形象存有不正确的态度是与儿时的经历有关的,其中包括:父亲或者母亲生病,或是年幼时便开始酗酒或是过性生活。空格之前的一句提到了儿时经历父亲或是母亲生病,接下来的句子肯定涉及年幼时便开始酗酒或是过性生活的经历。
5.C文章的最后一句是对研究结果的重述。
译文:身材苗条的女性可能很早就为体重发愁
身材瘦削的女性自认为身体肥胖的原因有很多,但是一项新析研究表明态度通常与童年的经历有关。
研究者发现在他们调查的2,400名身材瘦削的女性中,有将近10%的人认为她们太重了。童年的经历有可能造成对身体形象存有不正确的态度,其中包括:父亲或者母亲生病,或是年幼时便开始酗酒或是过性生活。
以哥本哈根丹麦癌症协会的Susanne Kruger Kjaer博士为首的研究者认为,社会认为的“理想”女性身材趋向偏瘦型身材。研究者指出,很多体重正常的女性希望体重再减轻—些。
为了调查身材瘦削女性心目中的身体形象,研究者给2,443名27岁到38岁、体重指数在正常值下限的女性发放了问卷。这些女性被问及从童年经历到目前的运动习惯等因素。
总的来说,大约10%的女性认为她们太胖了。那些童年或青少年时代经历过某种”严重的生活事件”的人更容易对身体形象存有不正确的态度,这些事件如父亲或者母亲生病或受教育的希望破灭。那些还不到15岁就有性生活或开始酗酒的女性也同样如此。
与此形成对照的是,研究者报告说,成年后的痛苦事件,例如严重的疾病或严重的婚姻问题,与不正确的身体形象观无关。加尔和她的同事们写道:“我们的研究结果表明,对自己体型的不满可能在人生根早的时候就产生了。”

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