2014年职称英语考试《理工类B级》模拟题一

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下面每个句子中均有1个词或者短语有下划线,请为每处下划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。
1、The high-speed trains can have a major impact on travel preferences.
A.force
B.influence
C.surprise
D.power

2、Can you follow the plot?
A.change
B.investigate
C.write
D.understand

3、Even in a highly modernized country, manual work is still needed.
A.physical
B.mental
C.natural
D.hard

4、In the latter case the outcome can be serious indeed.
A.result
B.judgment
C.decision
D.event

5、Norman B amey,is an artist of deep convictions.
A.statements
B.beliefs
C.suggestions
D.claims

6、Up to now, the work has been easy.
A.So
B.So long
C.So that
D.So far

7、The report advocated setting up day training colleges.
A.supposed
B.excited
C.suggested
D.discussed

8、Accordingly, a number of other methods have been employed.
A.Therefore
B.Afterwards
C.However
D.Furthermore

9、The outlook from the top of the mountain is breathtaking.
A.view
B.sight
C.look
D.point

10、Our lives are intimately bound up with theirs.
A.tensely
B.nearly
C.carefully
D.closely

11、The union   representative put across her argument very effectively.
A.explained
B.invented
C.considered
D.accepted

12、He talks tough but has a tender heart.
A.heavy
B.strong
C.kind
D.wild

13、It is no use debating the relative merits of this policy.
A.making
B.taking
C.discussing
D.expecting

14、Our statistics show that we consume all that we are capable of producing..
A.waste
B.buy
C.use
D.sell

15、The fuel tanks had a capacity of 140 liters.
A.function
B.ability
C.power
D.volume
第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分) 下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断;如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。
16、
请根据短文的内容,对16-23做出判断。
Highways
With the increase in auto production, private turnpike (收费公路) companies under local authorities began to spring up, and by 1921 there were 387, 000 miles of paved roads. At that time, there were no national standards for size, weight restrictions, or weight of trucks. During the World War I, roads throughout the country were nearly destroyed by the weight of trucks When General Eisenhower returned from Germany in 1919, he noted: "the old convoy (车队) had started me thinking about good, two-lane highways, but Germany's Autobahn or motorway had made me see the wisdom of broader ribbons across the land. "
The interstate highway system was finally started in 1956. To build its 44, 000-mile web of.highways, bridges, and tunnels, hundreds of unique engineering designs and solutions had to be worked out. Considering the many. geographic features of the country such as mountains, steep grades, wetlands, rivers, deserts and plains, innovative designs of roadways began to web of their way across the country, forever altering the face of America.
      Today, the interstate system links every major city in the U. S. , and the U. S. with Canada and Mexico. Built with safety in mind, the highways have wide lanes and shoulders, dividing medians, or barriers, long entry and exit lanes, curves engineered for safe turns, and limited access. The death rate on highways is half that of all other U. S roads (0.86 deaths per 100 million passenger miles compared to 1.99 deaths per 100 million on all other roads).
      By opening the North American continent, highways have enabled consumer goods and services to reach people in remote and rural areas of the country, spurred the growth of suburbs,and provided people with greater options in terms of jobs, access to cultural program, health care, and other benefits. Above all, the interstate system provides individuals with what they cherish most: personal freedom of mobility.
      The interstate system has been an essential element of the nation's economic growth in terms of shipping and job creation: more than 75 percent of the nation's freight deliveries arrive by truck; and most products that arrive by rail or air use interstates for the last leg of the journey by vehicle. Not only has the highway system affected the American economy by providing shipping routes, it has led to the growth of spin-off industries like service stations, motels,restaurants, and shopping centers. It has allowed the relocation of manufacturing plants and other industries from urban areas to rural.

National standards for paved roads were in place by 1921.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

17、Eisenhower felt that the broad German motorways had better quality than the hig ways of America.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

18、In the 1950s that the American government finally took action to build a national highway system.
A.Right
B.Wrong ,
C.Not mentioned

19、Many of the problems presented by the country's geographical features found solutions in innovative engineering projects.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

20、With safety considerations the death rate on interstate highways is still higher than, that of other American roads.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Notmentioned

21、The interstate highways system provides access between major military installations in America.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned

22、Service stations, motels and restaurants promoted the development of the interstate highway system.
A.Right
B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned[page]
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分) 下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2-5段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。
23、根据材料,回答23-31问题。
Ways to Reduce Exposure to Air Pollution
      1.A report published recently brings bad news about air pollution It suggests that it could be as damaging to our health as exposure to the radiation ,from the 1986 Ukraine nuclear power plant disaster. The report was published by the U. K s Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution. But what can city people do to reduce exposure to air pollution Quite a lot it turns out.
      2.Avoid walking in busy streets. Choose side streets and parks instead. Pollution levels can fall a considerable amount just by moving a few meters away from the main pollution source exhaust fumes (废气). Also don't walk behind smokers. Walk on the windward (顶风的) side of the street where exposure Of pollutants (污染物) can be 50 percent less than on the downwind (顺风的) side.
      3. Sitting on the driver's side of a bus can increase your exposure by 10 percent, compared with sitting on the side nearest the pavement. Sitting upstairs on a double-decker (双层电车)can reduce exposure. It is difficult to say whether traveling on an underground train is better or worse than taking the bus. Air pollution on underground trains tends to be less toxic (有毒的) than that at street level, because underground pollution is mostly made up of tiny iron particles (粒子) thrown up by wheels hitting the rails, while diesel (柴油机) and petrol fumes have a mixture of pollutants.
      4. When you are crossing a road, stand well back from the curb (路缘) while you wait for the light to change. Every meter really does count when you are close to traffic. As the traffic begins to move, fumes can be reduced in just a few seconds. So holding your breath for just a moment can make a difference, even though it might sound silly.
      5. There are large sudden pollution increases during rush hours. Pollution levels fall during nighttime. The time of year also makes a big difference. Pollution levels tend to be at their lowest during spring and autumn when winds are freshest. Extreme cold or hot weather has a trapping effect and tends to cause a build-up of pollutants.

Paragraph 2____________.
A.Where you stand while waiting to cross?
B.Where you walk?
C.Where you sit on a bus?
D.When you go to bed?
E.When pollution levels rise?
F.When you get up?

24、Paragraph 3_______________.
A.Where you stand while waiting to cross?
B.Where you walk?
C.Where you sit on a bus?
D.When you go to bed?
E.When pollution levels rise?
F.When you get up?

25、Paragraph 4_______________.
A.Where you stand while waiting to cross?
B.Where you walk?
C.Where you sit on a bus?
D.When you go to bed?
E.When pollution levels rise?
F.When you get up?

26、Paragraph 5_______________.
A.Where you stand while waiting to cross?
B.Where you walk?
C.Where you sit on a bus?
D.When you go to bed?
E.When pollution levels rise?
F.When you get up?

27、Air pollution can be as harmful to one's health_______________.
A.during rush holm
B.in spring and autumn
C.to toxic air
D.between autumn and winter
E.as exposure to nuclear radiation
F.on the downwind side

28、Traveling on an underground train can reduce exposure_______________.
A.during rush holm
B.in spring and autumn
C.to toxic air
D.between autumn and winter
E.as exposure to nuclear radiation
F.on the downwind side

29、Pollution levels are lower_______________.
A.during rush holm
B.in spring and autumn
C.to toxic air
D.between autumn and winter
E.as exposure to nuclear radiation
F.on the downwind side

30、It's wise to stay away from heavy traffic____________.
A.during rush holm
B.in spring and autumn
C.to toxic air
D.between autumn and winter
E.as exposure to nuclear radiation
F.on the downwind side
第4部分:阅读理解(第31—45题,每题3分,共45分) 下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。
31、根据材料,回答31-36问题。
第一篇
Physical Exercise
       Declaring that physical exercise is one of the most powerful medicines to help improve our quality of life is not an exaggeration. The World Health Organization expressed the same view in its 2002 World Health Report, emphasizing that the damage produced by lack of physical activity was equal to the strong probability of serious illness such as heart disease and even some kinds of cancer.
Those who have embraced an active lifestyle for years are familiar with the sort of physical and psychological benefits that come from exercise. Nevertheless a lot of people would never of physical activity as a way of feeling better, simply because they don't think they are in need of it, or because they are lazy or maintain that they haven't got enough time.
There are many positive,e effects that result from physical exercise and they are not only concerned with the physical aspects but also psychological and social ones.
Beginning with the physical benefits, physical activity improves the life of the heart, bumsoff fat, lowers high blood pressure, makes tissues more resistant, and increases muscleflexibility and joint mobility.
On a psychological level, physical activity helps reduce anxiety and stress by causingtension to disappear and by encouraging us to have a better sense of ourselves through listeningto our bodies during movement.
        Lastly, seeing ourselves in better health is advantageous socially. The sense of satisfactionthus obtained will result in an increase of self-respect and self-confidence in terms of our ability to interact with others.
        The benefits linked to exercise have also not gone unnoticed in the business world, with more and more companies setting up gyms on-site. Employees' improved health translates into better performance and reduced costs as well as an increase in people's satisfaction in the work place. Physical activity is recommended for all age groups, including children. It is an important growth factor in a child' s education.
       And for the elderly? There is no doubt that regular physical activity allows greater efficiency in daily life as Well as creating more basic independence day by day, including the possibility of keeping in touch with others and not feeling isolated.

The writer regards physical exercise as a strong medicine because____________.
A.the WHO holds the view
B.it helps improve the quality of life
C.the lack of it equals serious illness
D.it enables people to live longer

32、Many people do not engage in physical exercise mainly because____________.
A.they are not aware of its benefits
B.they don't have the facilities
C.they don't think they need it
D.they are physically unfit for it

33、According to the passage, physical exercise can make people____________.
A.stronger and more intelligent
B.more intelligent and more open-minded
C.more open-minded and healthier
D.healthier and stronger

34、Physical exercise is socially beneficial because____________.
A.it gives people competitive advantage
B.it helps people reduce anxiety
C.it enables employees to work better for their company
D.it makes people confident in dealing with others

35、According to the passage, regular physical exercise can make old people____________.
A.better able to look after themselves '
B.look younger than they really are
C.less likely to suffer from diseases
D.more aggressive in their interaction with others[page]
36、根据材料,回答36-41问题。
第二篇
A New Immigration Bill
       The U. S. Senate is considering a new immigration bill. It will value the economic promise of immigrants over family ties when considering U. S. residency and citizenship. The legislation,which was proposed by President Bush and a group of senators, contains a point system. The proposal aims to increase the number of immigrants with graduate degrees, earnings or job skills.
The proposed'point system would use a 100-point scale. According to a draft of the law,merit applicants could earn up to 47 points for things like occupation, or year of work for a US firm. They could earn up to 28 points for their education, 15 points for English and US civics (公民学), and 10 points for family ties. The system has stirred up debate. Critics on the left say it opposes family unity and American values. Critics on the right complain that it does not reflect the needs of high-tech employers.
        The current kinship (血缘关系) -based system puts pressure on the U. S. , as it attracts low-skill workers who consume more public services than they pay back in taxes. It allows a variety of uneducated people in from Mexico and Central America.
       The immigration bill would allow eight years to clear the current backlog (积压) of application for a permanent resident card, or green card. After that, only the children and spouses (配偶) of legal immigrants would be able to apply for family visas. Adult children,siblings (兄弟姐妹), parents, and other relatives would have to apply in the general queue (排队). Under the proposal, i .mrnigrants from Asian, countries would likely fare well (很有利).
       For instance, over half of recent immigrants from China and India have a bachelor's (学士的)or higher degree. Immigrants from Latin American countries would likely face more difficulties.
Immigration point systems have been in use in Canada, Australia and New Zealand for years. The U. K. adopted a similar approach in 2001. One thing that Canada and other nations have discovered is that their system needs to fit the needs of their economy. Too often they find that they attract highly-educated people who end up finding work that doesn't use their skills.Some end up driving a taxi.

One of the reasons for proposing the point system is____________.
A.to give priority to immigrants from China
B.to protect the US from terrorist attacks
C.to attract skilled immigrants "
D.to increase population

37、What do critics on the right say about the proposed point system?
A.It opposes family unity.
B.It is very difficult to apply.
C.It opposes American values.
D.It does not meet the needs of high-tech employers.

38、Which statement is NOT true of the current system?
A.It is kinship-based.
B.It puts pressure on the US.
C.It draws low-skilled workers.
D.It attracts highly-educated people.

39、 Who can apply for family visas in future?
A.The uncles and aunts of legal immigrants.
B.The brothers and sisters of legal immigrants.
C.The spouses and young children of legal immigrants.
D.The parents and grandparents of legal immigrants.

40、Which country adopted the point system in 2001?
A.The UK.
B.The US.
C.Canada.
D.Australia A New Immigration Bill
41、根据材料,回答41-46问题。
College Students' Financial Pressure in U. S.
       Each semester, Andrew Tom receives a term bill outlining his expenses: tuition, dorm fee,student center fee, recreation fee, resident activity fee, health insurance. If only the rest of his expenses were as easy to quantify.
       "It's like you start out the semester with plenty of money and then $ 20 for dinner out here and $100 at the department store there, it's gone," said Tom, a Northeastern University third-year student. "And there are so many things you need like toothpaste or laundry detergent. (洗涤剂) that you don't think about until you get here and need it. "
       From the books lining their shelves to the fashionable clothes filling their closets, college students say the expenses of a college education go well beyond tuition and a dining hall meal plan. Many say they arrive on campus only to be overwhelmed by unexpected costs from sports fees to the actual price of a slice of pizza.
       Balancing a job with schoolwork, especially at colleges known for their heavy workloads like Harvard and MIT, can be tough. So can the pressure students often feel to financially keep pace with their friends.
       "When you get dragged along shopping, you're going to spend money; if you get dragged to a party and everyone wants to take a cab but you're cheap and want to take a bus. Chances
are you'll end up sharing the fee for the cab," said Tom. "I guess you could say no, but no one wants to be the only one eating in the snack bar while your friends are out to dinner. "
       Max Cohen, a biology major at MIT, said he is accustomed to watching fellow students spend $ 40 a night to have dinner delivered or $ 50 during a night out at a ,bar. During the
school's recent spring break, friends on trips for the week posted away messages that read like a word map -- Pads, Rome, Tokyo. "Meanwhile I stay home and work," said Cohen. "I didn't
realize when I came here how much money I would spend or how hard I would have to work to get by. "
       It is a lesson some younger students learn quickly. Others, surrounded by credit card offers, go into debt, or worse, are forced to leave school. "A lot of people don't think twice about how much they spend," said a first-year student at MIT, "and you feel the pressure sometimes to go along with them. "

The sentence " If only the rest of his expenses were as easy to quantify."(Paragraph 1 ) implies that____________.
A.there are many other unexpected expenses
B.it is easy to calculate how much more to spend
C.the tuition is too high to be calculated
D.he has to pay only a few other expenses

42、All the following expenses are included in the term bill EXCEPT____________.
A.health insurance
B.sports fees
C.recreation fees
D.dorm fees

43、According to the passage, many college students____________.
A.have to work hard in their studies
B.suspend their studies in order to work
C.depend on their families for all the expenses
D.are under great financial pressure

44、The word "cheap" ( Paragraph 5) is closest in meaning to____________.
A.inferior in quality
B.inexpensive
C.unwilling to spend
D.valueless

45、From the last paragraph, one may learn that an important reason for the high hidden costs for college students is____________.
A.the extremely high prices of daily necessities
B.the school's overcharging for campus activities
C.the too many expenses the students have to pay
D.the pressure of keeping pace with their peers
第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分) 下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。
46、根据材料,完成46-51题。
       For the bombings by Tuesday . (47)Bombings and shootings occur almoBomb Explosions in Thailand.
       The new year celebration in Thailand .was shattered by violence, when nine bombs exploded across Bangkok around midnight. Three Thai citizens were killed and more than 30 injured.
       Among the injured, six were foreigners. No Chinese casualties were reposed, the Chinese Embassy in Bangkok, the capital, said on Monday. (46) But other embassies have advised their citizens "to avoid traveling to Bangkok. "There is a possibility of fu ther attacks in coming days, " said a travel advisory (公告) from Australia. "Australians are urged to avoid unnecessary travel in Bangkok. "
        No terrorist group claimed responsibility st daily in Thailand's three southernmost provinces. Yala,Naarathiwat and Pattani have a dominant Muslim population and have long complained of neglect (忽视) and discrimination (歧视) in the largely Buddhist (佛教徒的) nation. They have asked for independence and a separate Islamic (伊斯兰的 ) state. Since 2004, the insurgents (叛乱者) have carded out numerous attacks in the south and more than 1, 900 people have been killed. (48)But Thai Prime Minister Surayud Chulanont said on Monday that domestic politics rather than the Muslim insurgency was behind the bombings. "It is likely related to people who lost their political benefits," Surayud said, referring to Thaksin Shinawatra. (49) Surayud was later appointed interim (临时的) prime minister. Thaksin, however, still enjoys widespread support, especially in the countryside.(50) Thaksin's lawyer, Noppadol Patama, denied his client's involvement in the bombings, according to a local website.

请在第__(46)__处填上正确答案。
A.Some believe the explosions were the work of Muslim separatists.
B.Some believe that several senior army officers loyal to Thaksin plotted the bombings with ousted (赶下台) politicians to discredit (败坏名声) the government.
C.Thaksin was ousted in a military coup (政变) last September.
D.The Thai Government has been unable to control the violence. though thousands of troops have been sent to the south.
E.The embassy issued no travel warnings.
F.Nobody is to blame.

47、请在第__(47)__处填上正确答案。
A.Some believe the explosions were the work of Muslim separatists.
B.Some believe that several senior army officers loyal to Thaksin plotted the bombings with ousted (赶下台) politicians to discredit (败坏名声) the government.
C.Thaksin was ousted in a military coup (政变) last September.
D.The Thai Government has been unable to control the violence. though thousands of troops have been sent to the south.
E.The embassy issued no travel warnings.
F.Nobody is to blame.

48、请在第__(48)__处填上正确答案。
A.Some believe the explosions were the work of Muslim separatists.
B.Some believe that several senior army officers loyal to Thaksin plotted the bombings with ousted (赶下台) politicians to discredit (败坏名声) the government.
C.Thaksin was ousted in a military coup (政变) last September.
D.The Thai Government has been unable to control the violence. though thousands of troops have been sent to the south.
E.The embassy issued no travel warnings.
F.Nobody is to blame.

49、请在第__(49)__处填上正确答案。
A.Some believe the explosions were the work of Muslim separatists.
B.Some believe that several senior army officers loyal to Thaksin plotted the bombings with ousted (赶下台) politicians to discredit (败坏名声) the government.
C.Thaksin was ousted in a military coup (政变) last September.
D.The Thai Government has been unable to control the violence. though thousands of troops have been sent to the south.
E.The embassy issued no travel warnings.
F.Nobody is to blame.

50、请在第__(50)__处填上正确答案。
A.Some believe the explosions were the work of Muslim separatists.
B.Some believe that several senior army officers loyal to Thaksin plotted the bombings with ousted (赶下台) politicians to discredit (败坏名声) the government.
C.Thaksin was ousted in a military coup (政变) last September.
D.The Thai Government has been unable to control the violence. though thousands of troops have been sent to the south.
E.The embassy issued no travel warnings.
F.Nobody is to blame.[page]
第6部分:完形填空(第51-65题,每题l分,共15分) 下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。
51、根据材料,完成{TSE}题。
UFOS
       Sixty years ago, a. man named Kenneth Arnold saw something that we can still (51) today -- something that changed popular culture for ever.
Flying his plane over mountains in the U. S. state of Washington, he saw a,line of strange objects, either crescent-shaped (月牙形的) or disc-like, flying (52) the motion of a saucer (碟) skimming (飞速掠过) on water.
       The media soon picked up on the story -- the Flying Saucers were here] Was the earth being (53) by creatures from another planet? Soon, So many sightings were made that the U. S. military began to (54) It called these strange Objects UFOs – Unidentified Flying Objects, and that is how they are (55) today.
       Military investigations found no evidence of visitors from outer space. But that did not stop the true (56) The military were (57) up, they said. Or maybe it was because the travelers from space were of such superior intelligence (58) they could hide from military analysts (分析家).
People have always seen strange lights in the sky. In the past these were explained in (59) ways. In a world where religion was less influential and science fiction was popular, signs from God were replaced by visitors from other (60).
       The date of the first UFO sightings was also significant. In 1947, World War II had just ended and the (61) War was just .beginning. Humanity seemed locked in endless conflicts. Like generations before them, people looked (62) the skies for help. But instead of seeking God, they looked for help from super-intelligent aliens (外星人) with (63) technology. Belief in UFOs became the first religion of science.
However, even people who believe in UFOs are not quite sure why they visit the earth.The universe is a big place and it is (64) to assume that there is life somewhere out there. It is possible that aliens have worked out how to travel through space. Yet some people report that they have been taken by aliens and have had experiments (65) on them. Why would anyone travel across half the universe to conduct medical experiments on people living in small towns in the United States?

请在第__51__处填上正确答案。
A.look
B.see
C.seek
D.feel

52、请在第__52__处填上正确答案。
A.below
B.before
C.with
D.under

53、请在第__53__处填上正确答案。
A.ruled
B.bombed
C.captured
D.visited

54、请在第__54__处填上正确答案。
A.investigate
B.attack
C.shoot
D.confront

55、请在第__55__处填上正确答案。
A.written
B.said
C.known
D.told

56、请在第__56__处填上正确答案。
A.believers
B.thinkers
C.followers
D.runners

57、请在第__57__处填上正确答案。
A.putting
B.covering
C.cheating
D.tricking

58、请在第__58__处填上正确答案。
A.which
B.what
C.this
D.that

59、请在第__59__处填上正确答案。
A.funny
B.crude
C.religious
D.foolish

60、请在第__60__处填上正确答案。
A.pLanets
B.continents
C.countries
D.regions

61、请在第__61__处填上正确答案。
A.cool
B.nuclear
C.star
D.cold

62、请在第__62__处填上正确答案。
A.above
B.to
C.at
D.up

63、请在第__63__处填上正确答案。
A.traditional
B.backward
C.classical
D.advanced

64、请在第__64__处填上正确答案。
A.unthinkable
B.Impossible
C.reasonable
D.unimaginable

65、请在第__65__处填上正确答案。
A.performed
B.studied
C.brought
D.taken

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